Regardless of how old you are and physical health, Dr. Gilbert Matsuoka suggests you have regular eye exams.
During a complete eye exam at the Eye and Vision Center of Pleasant Hill, your optometrist will determine your prescription for glasses or contact lenses, and will also check your eyes for common eye problems. In addition, your eye doctor will evaluate how your eyes work together, and assess your eyes as an indicator of your overall health.
A thorough eye exam will include several procedures to determine and evaluate your eye’s health and the quality of your sight. These tests may be simple, such as reading an eye chart, or complex, such as using a high-powered lens to look at the tissues inside of your eyes.
Eyecare specialists recommend you have a thorough eye examination every one to three years, depending on factors such as your age, risk factors, and physical health.
Children. Some experts estimate that 5% to 10% of pre-schoolers and 25% of school-aged children have vision issues. According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), every child should have his or her eyes examined at 6 months of age, at age 3 and before school begins. Children who have no vision issues or risk factors for eye or vision problems should have their eyes assessed at least every two years throughout their school years.
Children with current vision disturbances or risk factors should have their eyes checked more frequently. Common risk factors for vision issues include:
- premature birth
- developmental delays
- turned or crossed eyes
- family history of eye disease
- history of eye injury
- other physical illness or disease
The AOA recommends that children who need glasses or contact lenses have their eyes checked at least every 12 months or according to their eye doctor’s instructions.
Adults. The AOA recommends a yearly eye examination for all adults who wear glasses or contacts. If you don’t normally need glasses, you still need an eye examination every two to three years until you reach 40, depending on how quickly your vision changes, and your overall health. Doctors generally recommend more frequent exams for adults who suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, and other disorders, because many diseases can impact sight and eye health.
If you are over 40, you should have your eyes checked every one to two years to check for common age-related eye disorders such as presbyopia, cataracts and macular degeneration.
As the risk of eye disease increases with advancing age, everyone over the age of 60 should be examined yearly.